Reciclaje A. Marquez

Información

chatarra-no-fÉrrica


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CHATARRA DE COBRE

 

El cobre, de símbolo Cu, es un metal de transición de color rojizo y brillo metálico que, junto con la plata y el oro, se caracteriza por ser uno de los mejores conductores de electricidad (el segundo después del plata).Gracias a su alta conductividad eléctrica, ductilidad y maleabilidad, se ha convertido en el material más utilizado para fabricar cables eléctricos y otros componentes eléctricos y electrónicos.

 

El cobre forma parte de una cantidad muy elevada de aleaciones que generalmente presentan mejores propiedades mecánicas, aunque tienen una conductividad eléctrica menor. Las más importantes son conocidas con el nombre de bronces y latones.

 

Fue uno de los primeros metales en ser utilizado por el ser humano en la prehistoria.   El cobre es el tercer metal más utilizado en el mundo, por detrás del hierro y el aluminio.

 

Por otra parte, el cobre es un metal duradero porque se puede reciclar un número casi ilimitado de veces sin que pierda sus propiedades mecánicas.

 

El precio del kilo de cobre varía en función del tipo de cobre que se recicla.

 

En Reciclajes A. Márquez S.C.  se recicla cobre procedente de procesos industriales de fabricación (laminación, soldadura, caldererías, embutición, estampación, etc), fontanería, empresas de electricidad, empresas de telecomunicaciones,  restos procedentes de demoliciones y derribos, etc.  El destino final del reciclado del cobre es su fundición en hornos. El material en estado líquido se convertirá en nuevos artículos.

 

La chatarra de cobre se puede comprar en diferentes formatos:

 

–          Cobre primera, cobre nuevo hilo o cobre Millberry: 

Es el cobre sin usar, procedente de cables de diferentes grosores usados en instalaciones eléctricas y telecomunicaciones.

Se trata de los hilos de cobre nuevos y brillantes, sin óxido y sin aleaciones ni revestimientos. No puede presentar estaño, teñido, pintado ni ennegrecimiento. La composición química debe ser exclusivamente cobre.Tiene que estar libre de aceites, grasas y cualquiera otra contaminación, metálica o no. Debe estar seco y no presentar radiactividad.

 

–          Cobre segunda (tubo y pletina):

Es el cobre en forma de tubos nuevos, pletinas nuevas, placas macizas, recortes, barras, tuberías, segmentos…procedentes de sobrantes de producción o instalación.

Debe estar libre de grasas, óxidos, aceites, tornillos de hierros, gomas, etc. El material debe estar seco y exento de radiactividad.  No puede presentar estaño, teñido, pintado ni ennegrecimiento. La composición química deber ser exclusivamente cobre.

 

–          Viruta de cobre:

Consiste en sobrantes de cobre procedentes del mecanizado, torneado y/o fresado de piezas.  Deberán estar libres de aceites y taladrinas, así como restos de plásticos, hierros u otros metales o materiales.

 

–          Cobre- PVC:

Se refiere a los cables de cobre con cualquier recubrimiento. Existe una gran variedad de cables con diferentes proporciones de cobre. El precio del cobre-PVC puede variar en función de esta proporción.

 

–          Calentadores:

 

Es el cobre sobrante de las calderas. El calderín de calentador de agua y gas puede presentar un baño de estaño.

Debe ir libre de líquidos, aceites grasas, latón, bronce, hierro o cualquier otra contaminación metálica. El material debe estar seco y exento de radiactividad.

 

–          Cobre de motores eléctricos:

 

Se trata de chatarra de motores eléctricos procedentes de máquinas (de corriente continua, de corriente alterna, motor de inducción, motores sincrónicos, motores de colector, etc), generadores o transformadores eléctricos libres de aceites, los cuales contienen cobre y algunos también pueden contener aluminio.

En ningún caso se recuperarán los transformadores que contengan PCB´s o piraleno, considerados como residuos peligrosos.

Los motores eléctricos pueden venir completos o desmontados. No deben contener exceso de hierro adherido, como reductoras o hierro libre, bombas de succión ni compresores. Deben ir libres de radiactividad.

 

–          Radiadores:

 

Se encuentran los radiadores de aluminio con tuberías de cobre  y los radiadores mixtos (cobre y metal). Debe ir libre de grasas, aceites o cualquier otra contaminación. Pueden incluir partes de hierro.

 

–           Cobre revuelto: 

Aquí se encuentra incluido todo el cobre de instalaciones de fontanerías o eléctricas, procedentes del desmontajes de obras, etc.

Se trata de chatarra de cobre mixto sin alear, de hilos de cobre, cobre de tubo o pletina, cobre de bobinado de motores, etc.  Pueden estar estañados, pintados o con soldaduras. El cobre puede estar ennegrecido por motivos justificados y deben ir libres de aceites y grasas, y estar seco y exento de radiactividad.

 

ESTÁ TERMINANTEMENTE PROHIBIDO LA COMPRA DE CABLE DE COBRE QUEMADO INTENCIONADAMENTE PARA DESHACERSE DEL AISLANTE. SÍ ESTÁ PERMITIDO EL HILO DE COBRE ENNEGRECIDO DEBIDO A MOTIVOS JUSTIFICADOS DE INCENDIOS PROCEDENTES DE SUBIDA DE TENSIÓN.

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